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内蒙古鄂尔多斯市第一中学2018-2019学年高二下学期期中试卷(英语 解析版)
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  • 资源类别试卷
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    所属学科高中英语
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  • 更新时间2019/9/10 15:12:18
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    资源简介
    A
    It’s no secret that your personal characteristics directly affect how you interact with the world, but you might be surprised at just how deep it goes. Experts think that your personality can even affect how you exercise and influence what sports are suitable for you.
    Highly Sensitive
    Highly sensitive people may be more uncomfortable with group exercise classes or team sports where they feel their every move is being observed. Additionally, they may feel more upset over an ineffective or poor workout, says researcher Elaine Aron.
    For such people, individual or non-competitive activities like biking, running and hiking are ideal.
    Type A Personality
    Type A individuals often have an “all or nothing approach” to exercise. This personality type is known for sticking closely to their plan, not to mention being super competitive. However, this can cause them to stick too closely to a fitness routine, which means they might try to push past an injury.
    To get better exercise results, Type A people need to be aware that following an exercise plan too strictly may limit their progress. They should be more flexible and listen to their body, especially when they are in pain.
    Type B Personality
    This laid-back group may get too lazy about their exercise plan, which prevents them from seeing results. They are often less willing to devote enough time and energy to their fitness goals, especially if exercise is something that makes them anxious.
    Type B individuals succeed in creative and co-operative environments, so team sports and group gym classes may be perfect.
    Remember, there are plenty of ways you can adapt a fitness plan to suit your needs, regardless of your characteristics. Just keep in mind what you like.
    1. Why might highly sensitive people be unwilling to take part in group sports?
    A. They will feel like they are being evaluated.
    B. They don't like socializing with other people.
    C. They don't consider themselves to be athletic.
    D. They fear they'll be let down by their teammates.
    2. Type A personalities can be best described as_________.
    A. committed                                  B. flexible.
    C. independent.                               D. sensitive.
    3. What is the purpose of the text?
    A. To help people understand what personality type they are.
    B. To explain how personal characteristics affect exercise habits.
    C. To identify the dangers of doing the wrong type of exercise.
    D. To describe different types of workouts that are available today.
    【答案】1. A    2. A    3. B
    【解析】
    本文为说明文。人的性格特征直接影响一个人与世界的互动,而且影响很大。专家认为,个性甚至会影响人的健身,及影响适合你的运动。本文论述了不同的性格如何影响人的锻炼习惯
    【1题详解】
    细节理解题。根据第Highly Sensitive中的第一句Highly sensitive people may be more uncomfortable with group exercise classes or team sports where they feel their every move is being observed. Additionally, they may feel more upset over an ineffective or poor workout, says researcher Elaine Aron. 高度敏感的人可能对于团体运动班或团队运动有不舒服的感觉,在那里他们感觉他们的每一个动作被观察。他们可能对效率低的或者差的练习感到更沮丧。由此可知,高度敏感的人他们对于自己的每个动作被人观察,被评估而不安,分析选项可知A符合题意,故选A。
    【2题详解】
    推理判断题。根据Type A Personality中的Type A individuals …This personality type is known for sticking closely to their plan, not to mention being super competitive. “A型性格的人以一直坚持自己的计划而闻名,更不用说他们具有超强的竞争力了”。由此可知,这种性格的人往往一直坚持自己的计划,即做某事很投入。分析选项A. committed坚定的,献身于某种事业的;B. flexible灵活的;C. independent 独立的;D. sensitive敏感的可知,项Acommitted与句相符,故选A。
    【3题详解】
    推理判断题。本文的第一段说明了人的性格特征直接影响如何与世界互动,而且影响很大。专家认为,你的个性甚至会影响你的锻炼,及影响适合你的运动。接着下文解释了不同的性格如何影响的。分析选项是知B项(解释个人特征如何影响锻炼习惯)符合题意,故选B。
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